-ment

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-mentsuffix forming sbs., repr. (O)F.-ment:- L.-mentum, which was added to vb.-stems to form sbs. expressing the result or product of an action or the means or instrument of it, e.g.fragmentumbroken piece (f.frag-,frangere),ōrnāmentumthat with which a thing is arranged (f.ōrnāre).pavimentumfloor of stones beaten down (f.pavīre). In popL. it was extended to the formation of nouns of action (repl.-tiō -TION); this was continued in Rom. and is thus widely exemplified in Eng. adoptions from French, e.g.abridgement,government,management. This set the fashion for the treatment of-mentas if it were native, as inamazement,fulfilment,wonderment. Formations on adjs. are uncommon, asmerriment,oddments. The corr. adjs. end in-mental.